Landscaping Nature – Iceland
Iceland (still) has a large area of original nature, in contrast to The Netherlands, which consists exclusively of land that has been cultivated over the centuries. This country, largely below sea level, where new ‘nature’ is being created under the pressure of climate change in order to keep afloat in the future. While in Iceland it is precisely the original nature, with forces such as hot spots, volcanism and hydropower, that comes under pressure due to increased use in favour of energy and (growing) tourism.
One can speak of a survival strategy for both countries, but in ‘Landscaping Nature’ as well as in ‘Monuments of Climate Change’ the question can be asked how far man can, may or must go with irreversible interventions in the natural -/cultural landscape for the benefit of mankind?
Infrastructure along this lagoon river with floating small icebergs, crumbling parts of the ever faster melting Breiðamerkurjökull glacier.
Geothermal power plant situated in the Hengill volcano area, one of the biggest high-temperature geothermal zones of Iceland.
This and other nearby spas use mineral ‘wastewater’ from the geothermal power plant Svartsengi.
Tourists visiting the Víti crater (meaning hell), a water filled explosion crater on the slopes of the Krafla volcano.
The lagoon of the melting Breiðamerkurjökull glacier, where tourism meets science.
Stokksnes PeninsulaBeach land situated between the Viking cafe and the NATO radar station Stokksnessi.
MosfellsheiđiHot water transmission leading from Nesjavellir geothermal power plant to the city of Reykjavík.
The adaptation of the Grábrók craters to tourism.